Thoughtful Thursday #09 Who Moved My Cheese?

In this series of Thoughtful Thursday , we have covered Importance of Insurance, Inflation, Financial planning,  Goal based planning, Difference between Savings and Investments. We hope that you all are enjoying our blogs and have subscribed to it.

When I meet some of my clients and they are skeptical about investing in new products  / financial markets, a glimpse of the book Who moved my Cheese? flashes in front of me.

The story is about four characters, 2 mice (Sniff and Scurry) and 2 little people (Hem and Haw) who look for Cheese every day. One day, they find that their regular stash of cheese is gone! The mice and little people respond very differently.

There are mainly 4 lessons one needs to take away from story. These lessons apply to our Investments too..

Take away 1 : Change happens

Just like we have moved from Landline to Smart phone, from hand written letters to e-mails and so on.. Our Investments also need to change. In the earlier days, investments in Gold, Silver, Fixed deposits, PPF etc. were considered as the best investments. Today, these assets do not make good investments. Let’s see the returns from 4 assets classes for the past 39 years.

Take away 2 : Anticipate change

Those who Anticipate change are likely more successful than others. Similarly, in our financial journey we should always be in the quest for knowing new things and anticipating changes. Those who invested in Equity in the earlier years have gained much more than others. Click here to see the value of Rs 100 invested in the Share market in 1979.

Current Value of Rs 100 invested in 1979 is 38690 (Aug 30, 2018).

Take away 3 : Monitor change

Be alert and keep sniffing your cheese to know when its getting old. Which in our financial journey means that we should keep checking the market and discussing with experts in the field about new products, opportunities, etc. and keep abreast with changes happening in the industry and economy. One should not fill it, shut it and forget it.

Take away 4 : Adapt to change quickly

If you are not one of those who could anticipate change, you could at least be the one to adapt quickly. Currently, the mutual fund penetration in India is only 11% whereas for developed countries its way higher.

As seen in the table above, India has a long way to go in mutual fund market and the earlier you enter the market, the better it is.

Currently in India there are only 2 crores Mutual Fund Investors out of the total population of 134 crores.

As Warren Buffet rightly said.. “What the wise do in the beginning, fools do in the end”

It’s Never too Late to Start..

CA Nitesh Buddhadev
CA Mitsu Buddhadev
Nimit Wealth Management

You may reach out to us at info@nimitwealthmanagement.com for any queries, suggestions or feedback.

Subscribe to the blog series by entering your email id. Add info@nimitwealthmanagement.com to your contact list to avoid our updates landing in your spams.

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Mutual Fund Recommendation for FY 2018-19

“Change is the only constant thing in this world”

From “Mutual Funds are subject to market risk” to “Mutual Fund Sahi hai” there have been many changes in last few months.

Before we see the list of short listed mutual funds one can invest in this FY 2018-19, one should be aware of the changes which have taken place in last few months.

(Read till the end, you will not be disappointed :))

Changes due to ‘Categorisation and Rationalisation of Mutual Fund Schemes initiative’ of SEBI)

SEBI has specified 36 categories of mutual fund schemes in total. As per the new rules, the AMCs will not be allowed to offer two schemes under different names with identical investment mandates. One category of mutual fund will be permitted to sell only one mutual fund scheme. As a result of this mandate, the fund houses have now realigned their schemes and portfolios to classify them under the newly formed categories.

Changes in brief

Scheme name

Earlier, the mutual fund scheme names consisted of words like “opportunities”, “advantage” and “prudence” to make it look seemingly lucrative. However, the investor was unable to gauge the inherent risk while making an investment. After passing of the regulation, many scheme names have been changed in order to enhance existing disclosure.

Classification of Schemes

After the recategorization, SEBI has specified the entire universe of mutual funds to be classified under these 5 categories i.e. Equity, Debt, Hybrid, Solution oriented and others

Modification of scheme attributes

This includes the investment mandate, the benchmark and the investment strategy of each mutual fund scheme.

Changes in the Definitions

After implementation of the regulation, large-cap stocks would be the top 100 companies of the underlying benchmark in terms of full market capitalization. Mid-caps would be companies ranking from 101st to 250th and small-caps would be companies ranking from 251st onwards in terms of full market capitalization.

We note above, that almost everything has changed and the first thought is :

The past performance of many schemes are now irrelevant and so are the Mutual Fund Star ratings offered by various websites

Yes! You read it right, Star rating and Ranking for many schemes are now irrelevant as :

  1. To fall in line with SEBI mandate many schemes have been merged
  2. Fundamental Attributes have changed like some Midcap schemes are now Multicap and  some of the Multicaps are now in Focused categories.

Generally, Mutual Fund Star rating and ranking should not be the criteria to Select the fund.

Schemes Sub categories & its characteristics

Equity Mutual Fund Schemes

Sub Categories

Scheme Characteristics
Multi cap Min 65% in across Large, Mid & Small cap companies
Large cap Min 80% in Large cap companies
Large & Mid cap Min 35% in Large cap companies & Min 35% in Midcap companies
Mid cap Min 65% in Mid cap companies
Small cap Min 65% in Small cap companies
Dividend Yield Min 65% in Equities investing predominantly in Dividend yield stocks
Value Min 65% in Equities which should follow value strategy
Contra Min 65% in Equities which should follow contrarian strategy
Focused Min 65% in Equities (Maximum 30 stocks). Focus can be on large cap Multi cap, Midcap or Small cap
Sectoral Min 80% in stocks of a particular sector
Thematic Min 80% in stocks of a particular theme
ELSS (Tax Saving) Min 80% in Equity and Equity related instrument

 

Debt Mutual Fund Schemes

Sub Categories

Scheme Characteristics
Overnight Investment in overnight securities having maturity of 1 day
Liquid Maturity of up to 91 days only
Ultra Short Term Macaulay duration of the portfolio is between 3 months ‐ 6 months
Low Duration Macaulay duration of the portfolio is between 6 months‐ 12 months
Money Market Maturity of up to 1 year
Short Duration Macaulay duration of the portfolio is between 1 year – 3 years
Medium Duration Macaulay duration of the portfolio is between 3 years – 4 years
Medium to Long Duration Macaulay duration of the portfolio is between 4 years – 7 years
Long Duration Fund Macaulay duration of the portfolio is greater than 7 years
Dynamic Bond Investment across duration
Corporate Bond Min 80% in invested in Corporate Bonds
Credit Risk Min 65% in invested in Corporate Bonds below highest rated instruments
Banking & PSU Min 80% in invested in Debt instruments of banks, Public Sector Undertakings, Public Financial Institutions
GILT Min 80% in invested in Gsecs across maturity
Gilt Fund with 10 year constant duration Min 80% in invested in Gsecs such that the Macaulay duration of the portfolio is equal to 10 years
Floater Fund Min 65% in invested in Floating rate instruments

 

Hybrid Mutual Fund Schemes

Sub Categories

Scheme Characteristics
Conservative Hybrid 10 ‐ 25% in Equity related instruments & 75 to 90% in Debt instruments
Balance Hybrid 40 ‐ 60% in Equity related instruments & 40 to 60% in Debt instruments
Aggressive Hybrid 65 ‐ 80% in Equity related instruments & 20 to 35% in Debt instruments
Dynamic Asset Allocation/ Balanced Advantage Investment in equity/ debt that is managed dynamically
Multi Asset Allocation Min 10% investment in atleast 3 asset classes
Arbitrage Fund Min 65% in Equity related instruments which should follow Arbitrage strategy
Equity Savings Min 65% in Equity related instruments & Min 10% in Debt instruments

 

Solution Oriented Mutual Fund Schemes

Sub Categories

Scheme Characteristics
Retirement Fund Scheme having a lock‐in for at least 5 years or till retirement age whichever is earlier
Children’s Fund Scheme having a lock‐in for at least 5 years or till the child attains age of majority whichever is earlier

 

Other Mutual Fund Schemes

Sub Categories

 

Scheme Characteristics
Index Funds/ ETFs Min 95% in stocks of a particular Index
FoFs (Overseas/ Domestic) Min 95% in the underlying Fund

 

Do you still believe Selecting Mutual Fund schemes is simple? 😉

It’s not rocket science however, its not that easy to zero down on the specific scheme suitable to your requirements out of the thousands of Mutual Fund schemes available in the Market.

Have you come across any one who got super rich by Investing in some random 5 star or top ranking Mutual Funds or trading / investing in tip based Equity shares..??

Do you know what is Risk..?

“Risk comes from not knowing what you are doing”

You are investing your hard earned Money, please take informed investing decisions.

Coming to the subject of the Article…

Here is the list of…

Top performing Mutual Fund in India (It may stop performing anytime! Past performance does not Guarantee Future Performance)

Best Mutual Fund to invest in 2018 (There is nothing called Best in Personal Finance)

5 Star rated Mutual Mutual Fund  (Star Changes more frequent than you think, Don’t follow it blindly)

 

Shortlisted Mutual Funds to invest in FY 2018-19 by NIMIT Wealth Management 🙂 (July – Aug 2018)

(Well Researched. However, it may contain some Top rated, Best Mutual Funds or 5 star rated funds)

 

Equity – Large Cap

1) ABSL Focused Equity Fund  (Erstwhile ABSL Top 100 Fund)
2) Motilal Focused 25 fund       (Erstwhile Motilal most focused 25 fund)
3) SBI Bluechip Fund

 

Equity – Large & Mid Cap

1) DSPBR Equity Opportunities Fund        (Erstwhile DSPBR Opportunities)
2) Mirae asset Emerging Blue Chip Fund  (Earlier it was midcap scheme )

 

Equity – Multi Cap

1) ABSL Equity Fund
2) Franklin India Focused Equity   (Erstwhile Franklin India high growth co’s)
3) Kotak Standard Multicap Fund  (Erstwhile Kotak Select Focus Fund)
4) Motilal oswal Multicap 35 Fund (Erstwhile Motilal most focused multicap 35)
5) SBI Magnum Multicap Fund

 

Equity – Mid Cap

1) Franklin India Prima Fund
2) HDFC Midcap Opportunities Fund
3) L&T Midcap Fund

 

Equity – Small Cap

1) ABSL Small Cap Fund (Erstwhile ABSL Small & midcap Fund)
2) Franklin India smaller companies fund
3) Reliance small cap fund
4) SBI Small cap Fund

 

Equity – Value Oriented

1) ABSL pure value fund
2) HDFC Capital Builder value fund
3) L&T India Value Fund
4) Tata Equity PE Fund

 

Equity – ELSS (Tax Saving)

1) ABSL Tax relief’96 Fund
2) Axis Long term Equity Fund
3) DSPBR Tax Saver Fund
4) Franklin India Tax Shield
5) L&T Tax Advantage Fund
6) Reliance Tax Saver Fund

 

Hybrid – Aggressive (Equity Oriented)

1) ABSL Equity Hybrid ’95 Fund (Erstwhile ABSL Balanced ’95 Fund)
2) DSPBR Equity & Bond Fund (Erstwhile DSPBR Balanced)
3) HDFC Hybrid Equity Fund (Erstwhile HDFC premier multicap & HDFC Balanced)
3) L&T Hybrid Equity Fund (Erstwhile L & T India prudence fund)
4) Reliance Equity Hybrid Fund (Erstwhile Reliance Regular Savings Balanced)

 

Hybrid – Equity Savings

1) ABSL Equity Savings
2) HDFC Equity Savings Fund
3) L&T Equity Savings Fund

 

Hybrid – Dynamic Asset Allocation/ Balanced Advantage

1) ABSL Balanced Advantage Fund
2) ICICI Balanced Advantage Fund

 

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PLEASE READ THIS :
  • Asset Allocation is a MUST.
  • Above is just a list of Shortlisted Funds based on our internal research.
  • Selecting scheme of Mutual Fund is only half job done. How much amount to Invest in which Scheme is very crucial.
  • Investment decisions depend upon your Goals, Investment horizon, Risk profile, Existing Investments and various other factors.
  • Investing is a Serious Business, Don’t do it randomly.
  • Review periodically & Rebalance as and when required.
  • Have a reasonable expectation of Returns on your portfolio. Over Expectations hurt!
  • When you invest in Equity, give it time to perform atleast that much as you give your Gold and Real Estate. 🙂
  • If required, Take help of Financial Advisor to achive your Financial Goals (Even Virat Kohli and Lionel Messi have coaches to guide them)

 

CA Nitesh Buddhadev

CA Mitsu Buddhadev

Nimit Wealth Management

You may reach out to us at info@nimitwealthmanagement.com for any queries, suggestions or feedback.

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Thoughtful Thursday #07 – When you INVEST, you are buying a day that you don’t have to work..

“Today,  I woke up relaxed, had steaming-hot home made breakfast, read the newspaper and went through my day’s schedule. No rushing up, no boarding crowded trains, not running after auto rickshaws to drop me to office. My day was planned full of things I love doing. So as I headed up for my shower and I noticed my hair had turned grey..” And then MY ALARM RANG..

Was this A dream? Yes, A Dream to Retire, A Dream to work on things I love, A Dream to Not work for Money..

This Dream can be true. If we Plan for it. Yes, you can live your dream life, follow your passion, work at your start up, do social work, anything you dream of..

One of the most Important and Ignored Financial Goals is RETIREMENT. Retirement doesn’t only mean sitting at home doing nothing. It means, having enough money to do things you love and live your life comfortably. Some may want to Retire Early, while Some may want to Never Retire. But everyone wants Financial Freedom.

It is worry some that people do not give the deserving Importance to Retirement Planning.

Retirement Planning 

Wondering about Planning your Retirement. Follow these Five simple steps below :

1. WHEN YOU INVEST, YOU ARE BUYING YOURSELF A DAY THAT YOU DON’T HAVE TO WORK

Youth in their late twenties believe that its too early to think about Retirement.  But friends, its better to Start Early. Lets see in the example below, the Benefits of Starting Early. Assuming that the Target is Rs 1 crore and Rate of Return is 10%, the following are sums are required to be saved by individuals ageing 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 years.

Don’t you think even an auto driver or office boy can afford to invest Rs 2,610 per month? But they Fail to Plan due to lack of Financial Literacy.

START INVESTING FOR YOUR RETIREMENT THE DAY YOU START EARNING 

2. NEVER BREAK YOUR RETIREMENT CORPUS FOR ANY REASON

Generally, people don’t earmark investments for RETIREMENT Corpus. As a result they end up spending their RETIREMENT corpus whenever the need arises say, to pump in money for purchase of house, child’s higher education, etc. But please REMEMBER – you can get education loan, home loan, other personal loan but you will not get A SINGLE PENNY for RETIREMENT..!

3. DETERMINE YOUR RETIREMENT CORPUS DILIGENTLY

Determination of Retirement Corpus is one of the most important steps which requires utmost care and attention.

(Taxation, Lifestyle Inflation, increase in Healthcare costs post retirement and other factors are ignored for sake of simplicity)

4. STAY INVESTED

Some people are highly enthusiastic at the beginning but stop investing half way or withdraw the amount too soon. The Investment Journey is a roller coaster ride. Enjoy the ups and downs, do not panic in downfall and do not get excited in at a high point. Stay invested till you reach your Destination / Goal.

In the above example, invest consistently Rs 19,335 per month from Age 30 to Age 60 or invest lumpsum Rs 22,36,962 and stay invested.

(Assumed Pre Retirement return 10%, Post Retirement Return 6%, inflation 6%. Taxation, Lifestyle Inflation, increase in Healthcare costs post retirement and other factors are ignored for sake of simplicity)

5. ITS PERSONAL FINANCE, PERSONALISE IT..!

Some people get duped by the Pension Plans provided by a few market players.

Don’t go for ready made plans, it will hardly beat inflation.

Customise your own Retirement Plan by planning the systematic withdrawals required each month and make sufficient investments in your earning years.

You may reach out to us for a customised Retirement Planning at info@nimitwealthmanagement.com

CA Nitesh Buddhadev

CA Mitsu Buddhadev

NIMIT Wealth Management

You may reach out to us at info@nimitwealthmanagement.com for any queries, suggestions or feedback.

Subscribe to the blog series by entering your email id below. Add info@nimitwealthmanagement.com to your contact list to avoid our updates landing in your spams.

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Busted! 7 Personal Finance Myths That Have No Truth to Them

“Humans live through their myths and only endure their realities..”

WHAT IS MYTH..?
A traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining a natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events (This is what Dictionary speaks)
In short MYTH means a widely held but false Belief or Idea..
 
Many MYTHS prevail in society and the topic of “Personal Finance” is no exception.
Below are a few MYTHS on Personal Finance and the REALITY..

 

Myth 1 :
Financial Planning or investment planning means less spending i.e. becoming miser and hence less enjoying our life.
Reality :
Following a financial plan or investment plan means making guilt free spending and hence enjoying our life more.
[ When we first make necessary investments and then spend… then that is called ‘guilt free spending’.]

 

Myth 2 :
Paying premium for term insurance (a life insurance policy where if nothing happens to policy holder, nominee gets nothing) is a wasteful spending.
Reality :
If we live up to the age of 65 years, then Investment [MF, Shares etc] will take care of our family’s financial future. And if not, then TERM PLAN will.
Insurance is not an investment product; it is a protection instrument.
Buying a Term Insurance is like buying a Fire Extinguisher.
1. You wish that you will Never have to use it.
2. You don’t ask for a refund when it expires.
3. If need be it will save you and your family in time of difficulty.

 

Myth 3 :
There are many investment products available in the market – some are good and some are bad. We should always invest in good products.
Reality :
An investment product can never be good or bad, it can only be suitable or not.
Some investment products can be suitable for short-term goals, but not for long term. The opposite is also true – a product which is perfectly suitable for long term goals, can be a horrible choice for short term goals.
Hence we must always look for ‘suitability match’ when deciding on a product.
Myth 4 :
Like shares, fixed deposit, property or gold – mutual fund is also an asset class.
Reality :
Mutual fund is not a separate asset class as such. It is actually a ‘well-managed container’ which can contain different asset classes in it.
There are mutual funds which only invests into certificates of deposit. Then there are funds which are known as real estate fund or gold fund. And of course there are equity funds as well and mix of Equity and debt i.e Balanced Fund.
So, mutual fund gives you the facility to invest into different asset classes through it.

 

Myth 5 :
If I want to secure my retirement, I should invest in a Retirement Plan or Pension Scheme. Similarly if I want to secure my child’s future, I should invest in a Child Plan.
Reality :
While investing for a goal, name of the goal is never important. Instead nature of the goal is important – like after how many years the goal is due etc. This is because –  mathematics only understand numbers, not names.
Never go for attractively named investment products. Instead always go for simple, generic, all-purpose products and tag it or link it to a goal by yourself.
Packaged investment products are often found costly, illiquid and restrictive..

 

Myth 6 :
If I come to know of someone who has earned good return by investing in a particular product – my job becomes easier. I should simply invest in that product.
Reality :
Unfortunately it is not that simple. Many things (in regards to finance) of the other person may not be same as yours. Such as – financial background, current assets and liabilities, dependents and their age, income – expense, nature of job / business, liquidity needs, insurance and so on. It is almost impossible that your situation will be exactly same as of the other person.
Investment should always be made keeping every aspects in mind. It should never be made in isolation or adhoc. Personal finance is after all – ‘personal’.

 

Myth 7 :
I have made investments as required. Taken adequate insurance also. I have done my part. Now I am feeling happy and relaxed.
Reality :
Congratulations for whatever you have done so far! But sorry to say – that is not enough. If your answers to all the below 3 questions are not ‘Yes’, then you have reasons to worry:
1) Have you kept all your policy documents, statements, certificates – physical or digital – systematically  in one place so that your spouse or children can find those quickly without your help?
2) Have you kept right holding patterns in all your investments, made nominations or prepared a Will?
3) Are you reviewing your investments and insurance at regular interval..?

 

Compiled and Edited by
CA Nitesh Buddhadev – NB
Nimit Wealth Management
nitesh@nimitwealthmanagement.com
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